Definition of ADD-ADHD
Attention deficit disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADD-ADHD
is a condition that starts to develop within some children during their early childhood
years. This problem can persist and can continue in their adult lives. ADD-ADHD
can make it really difficult for children to get a hold of themselves and control
their behavior. Such patients are also unable to control some of the other symptoms
pertaining to ADD-ADHD. According to epidemiological data the disease or syndrome
affects approximately four to six percent of the total U.S. population.
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a label given to children and adults with significant
problems in four main areas of their lives; Inattention, Impulsivity, Hyperactivity
and Boredom. The term Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, (ADHD), is used
when hyperactivity is a symptom.
Attention Deficit Disorder tends to focus predominately on children, leaving the
ADD adult largely under served. Most of the information presented about Attention
Deficit Disorder focuses on children, parenting and school issues.
Adults with ADD often realize that they have adult Attention Deficit Disorder when
their own child is diagnosed with Attention Deficit. Looking through the diagnostic
test symptom list for children, the parent often sees similarities in their own
present or past behavior.
For the adult newly diagnosed with Attention Deficit Disorder (adult ADD), the diagnosis
comes as a revelation as well as an explanation. The brain fog, the inability to
focus and the hours spent scouring the house for misplaced car keys can now be attributed
to something more than being scattered and disorganized.
Most everyone feels forgetful, impulsive or inattentive at one time or another but
a marked presence of these behaviors might be symptoms of adult ADD. This is especially
true if these behaviors have existed since childhood. Many experts in the field
of ADHD acknowledge the under-diagnosing of adult ADD. Attention Deficit Disorder
simply was not in vogue decades ago when the ADD adult of today was a child. Additionally,
the prevalent belief in years past was that most children with Attention Deficit
Disorder would outgrow their symptoms by adolescence.
Experts now are rethinking that belief. It is estimated that about 50 percent of
children with ADD continue to have problems that affect functioning in adulthood.
The main difference between the ADD adult and child is that the adult with Attention
Deficit Disorder typically has developed more sophisticated coping mechanisms.
Adult Attention Deficit Disorder is a common mental health issue. The ADD adult
might have trouble following the proper channels or chain of commands, have an internal
sense of anxiety, a sense of underachievement, have trouble keeping a job or impulsively
change job often. Problems with self-esteem, difficulty maintaining an organized
work and/or home environment, chronic procrastination and being frequently overwhelmed
by tasks of daily living are all symptoms of adult ADD.
Symptoms of ADD-ADHD
There are a number of symptoms of ADD-ADHD, though these symptoms may generally
vary from one person to another. Some of the most common symptoms found in patients
suffering from ADD-ADHD are:
- Having difficulty remaining seated for some amount of time
- Facing difficulties in following instructions properly
- Often fidgeting with hands and feet and squirming while being seated
- Having problem playing quietly
- Finding it difficult to await turn in games and group activities
- Talking excessively often
- Blurting out answers even before the questions are completed
- Often not paying attention to what is being told
- Sometimes interrupting or intruding in others work
- Often not remembering things necessary for tasks and activities
- Being easily diverted by irrelevant stimuli
- Frequently engaging in physically hazardous actions without considering possible
The symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD-ADHD exist in all most every individual.
Everybody has some of these symptoms at some point of life or the other. But people
who are severely suffering have more of these above symptoms of ADD-ADHD in them.
People suffering from ADD-ADHD symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder who are careless
have particular difficulty in keeping their mind fixed on one thing at a time. They
get bored quite easily with a particular chore and will bounce to the next chore
and then another task after that. The most important characteristics of ADD-ADHD
are inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. These symptoms appear early in
almost every patient's life.
Types of ADD-ADHD
Generally there are six types of Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD-ADHD. These six
types include :
- Classic ADD-ADHD – A patient suffering from classic ADD is always inattentive, distracted,
disorganized, restless, hyperactive and impulsive. Patients with this syndrome face
difficulty in staying focused on a particular thing. They feel agitated often and
face problem paying attention.
- Inattentive ADD-ADHD – Patients suffering from inattentive ADD are always inattentive,
have low motivation, slow moving, sluggish, and are often termed as daydreamers
and couch potatoes. This happens to a patient who does not have the hyperactive
ADD syndrome. They remain lost in their thoughts most of the times and are unable
to concentrate on a particular task.
- Over focused ADD-ADHD – Patients suffering from the over focused ADD syndrome often
faces problems such as shifting attention, frequently getting caught in negative
thoughts and inappropriate behavior. They are also quite obsessive about certain
things and tend to be extremely worried. These patients are quite inflexible and
are rigid with their notions and thoughts. They often behave argumentatively.
- Temporal Lobe ADD-ADHD – Patients going through temporal lobe ADD are usually found
to be inattentive, irritable, aggressive, experience mood instabilities and become
very impulsive. These patients become very moody and sometimes do things out of
- Limbic ADD-ADHD – A patient with the limbic ADD syndrome are seen to be inattentive
and they experience chronic depression and also get affected by negative low energy
such as hopelessness and worthlessness.
- ADD-ADHD – A child who is facing the ADD-ADHD syndrome is usually always inattentive,
irritable, extremely distractible, angry and excessively sensitive to the environment
around him. Sometimes out of hyperactivity the child may talk excessively or even
get extremely oppositional and they may also experience cyclic moods.
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