AllergiesGeneral

AllergiesGeneral

Allergies

An allergy is a condition in which the immune system reacts to a substance that is typically harmless to most people. These substances are known as allergens and can include things like pollen, dust, certain foods, and medications. Symptoms of an allergy can range from mild to severe and can include sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, coughing, and skin rashes. In severe cases, an allergic reaction can cause anaphylaxis, which is a potentially life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. If you think you may be experiencing an allergic reaction, it is important to see a healthcare provider as soon as possible.

allergy medicine

There are many diverse types of allergy medicine available over the counter or with a prescription. The type of allergy medicine that is best for you will depend on your symptoms and the specific allergens that you are allergic to. Some common types of allergy medicine include:

  • Antihistamines: These medications block the effects of histamine, a substance produced by the body during an allergic reaction. Antihistamines are available in pill form, as a nasal spray, or as eye drops.
  • Decongestants: These medications help to relieve nasal congestion by narrowing the blood vessels in the nasal passages. Decongestants are available in pill form or as a nasal spray.
  • Corticosteroids: These medications can help to reduce inflammation and swelling during an allergic reaction. Corticosteroids are available as a nasal spray, as eye drops, or as a cream or ointment for skin allergies.
  • Allergy shots (immunotherapy): Allergy shots are a long-term treatment option that can help to reduce the severity of allergic reactions. During allergy shots, a person is given small doses of the allergens that they are allergic to, which can help their body build up a tolerance to the allergens over time.

It is important to follow the instructions on allergy medicine labels and to talk to your healthcare provider before starting any new medications.

allergy testing

Allergy testing is a way to determine what substances (allergens) a person is allergic to. There are several types of allergy tests that can be used to diagnose allergies, including:

  • Skin prick test: During a skin prick test, a small amount of the suspected allergen is placed on the skin, and the skin is then pricked with a needle. If the person is allergic to the substance, a red, raised bump (hive) will appear at the site of the prick.
  • Patch test: During a patch test, a patch that contains the suspected allergen is placed on the skin. The patch is left in place for a set period of time, and the skin is then checked for any reactions.
  • Blood test: A blood test can measure the level of specific antibodies in the blood that are produced by the immune system in response to an allergen.
  • Challenge test: During a challenge test, a person is given a small amount of the suspected allergen to see if it causes an allergic reaction. Challenge tests are usually done under medical supervision in case a severe reaction occurs.

It is important to talk to a healthcare provider to determine the best type of allergy test for you. Allergy tests should be performed by trained professionals in a medical setting.

allergy symptoms

Allergy symptoms can vary depending on the type of allergy and the specific allergen that a person is allergic to. Some common allergy symptoms include:

  • Sneezing
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Itchy, watery eyes
  • Coughing
  • Itchy throat, mouth, or skin
  • Rash or hives
  • Swelling of the lips, face, or tongue

In some cases, an allergic reaction can cause more severe symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and a drop in blood pressure. This type of reaction, known as anaphylaxis, can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. If you think you may be experiencing anaphylaxis, seek emergency medical care right away.

What are allergies?

An allergy is a condition in which the immune system reacts to a substance that is typically harmless to most people. These substances are known as allergens and can include things like pollen, dust, certain foods, and medications. When a person with allergies comes into contact with an allergen, their immune system mistakenly believes that the allergen is harmful and mounts an immune response. This response can cause a range of symptoms, such as sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, and skin rashes. Allergies can be triggered by many different substances and can range from mild to severe.

How to get rid of allergies?

There is no cure for allergies, but there are several ways to manage and reduce the symptoms of allergies:

  • Avoiding exposure to allergens: This is the most effective way to prevent allergic reactions. If you know what you are allergic to, try to avoid meeting those allergens as much as possible.
  • Medications: There are many different types of allergy medications available that can help to reduce symptoms. These include antihistamines, decongestants, corticosteroids, and allergy shots.
  • Nasal irrigation: Rinsing out the nasal passages with a saline solution can help to remove allergens and reduce congestion.
  • Allergen-proofing your home: Using allergen-proof covers on pillows and mattresses and regularly washing bedding in hot water can help to reduce exposure to allergens in the home.
  • Allergy shots (immunotherapy): Allergy shots are a long-term treatment option that can help to reduce the severity of allergic reactions. During allergy shots, a person is given small doses of the allergens that they are allergic to, which can help their body build up a tolerance to the allergens over time.

It is important to work with a healthcare provider to determine the best treatment plan for your allergies.

What causes allergies?

Allergies are caused by an overactive immune system that reacts to substances that are normally harmless. When a person with allergies meets an allergen, their immune system mistakenly believes that the allergen is harmful and mounts an immune response. This response can cause a range of symptoms, such as sneezing, runny nose, and itchy eyes.

There are many different substances that can cause allergies, including:

  • Pollen
  • Dust
  • Mold
  • Animal dander
  • Certain foods (such as peanuts, tree nuts, eggs, milk, soy, wheat, fish, and shellfish)
  • Insect stings
  • Medications (such as penicillin)

Allergies can be inherited, so it is not uncommon for people to have a family history of allergies. It is also possible to develop allergies as an adult, even if you have not had allergies in the past.

What percentage of adults suffer from food allergies?

It is estimated that food allergies affect 4-6% of adults in the United States. However, it is important to note that the prevalence of food allergies may be higher in certain populations. For example, studies have found that the prevalence of food allergies may be higher in children, particularly young children, and in people of certain racial or ethnic backgrounds.

It is also worth noting that food allergies can range in severity. Some people may have mild allergic reactions to certain foods, while others may have severe reactions that can be life-threatening. If you think you may have a food allergy, it is important to see a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Which are the main symptoms of allergies?

Allergy symptoms can vary depending on the type of allergy and the specific allergen that a person is allergic to. Some common allergy symptoms include:

  • Sneezing
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Itchy, watery eyes
  • Coughing
  • Itchy throat, mouth, or skin
  • Rash or hives
  • Swelling of the lips, face, or tongue

In some cases, an allergic reaction can cause more severe symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and a drop in blood pressure. This type of reaction, known as anaphylaxis, can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. If you think you may be experiencing anaphylaxis, seek emergency medical care right away.

It is important to see a healthcare provider if you are experiencing allergy symptoms, as they can help to determine the cause of your symptoms and recommend the most appropriate treatment.

Are allergies genetic?

Yes, allergies are often inherited from one's parents. However, not everyone who has a family history of allergies will necessarily develop allergies themselves. There are also many other factors that can influence the development of allergies, including a person's environment and lifestyle.

Which is the best way to deal with allergies?

The best way to deal with allergies will depend on the specific allergens and symptoms a person is experiencing. Here are some general tips for managing allergies:

  • Avoid exposure to allergens: This is often the most effective way to prevent allergy symptoms. Identify your allergens and try to avoid them as much as possible.
  • Use over-the-counter or prescription medications: There are many medications available that can help to relieve allergy symptoms, such as antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal sprays.
  • Use air purifiers: Using an air purifier in your home can help to remove allergens from the air, which can reduce your symptoms.
  • Try allergy shots (immunotherapy): If you have severe allergies or have not had success with other treatment options, you may want to consider allergy shots. Allergy shots expose you to small amounts of the allergens that trigger your symptoms, which can help your body build up a tolerance to them over time.
  • Seek medical help: If your allergy symptoms are severe or are not responding to treatment, it is important to see a doctor. They can help you determine the best course of treatment for your specific allergies.

When is allergy season?

The allergy season, or allergy peak, is the time of year when allergy symptoms are most common. The timing of allergy season can vary depending on where you live and what allergens you are allergic to. In general, allergy season occurs when plants release their pollen into the air.

In the United States, allergy season typically begins in the spring, when trees start to pollinate. Allergy season can also extend into the summer months, when grasses and weeds release their pollen. In the fall, allergy season can be triggered by ragweed and other types of weeds that release pollen.

It is important to note that the severity of allergy season can vary from year to year, and can be influenced by factors such as temperature, humidity, and rainfall.

allergy doctor near me

allergy testing near me


Patients Medical's Treatment of Allergies

We know that allergies can make you feel miserable, particularly if the allergens are difficult to avoid, leaving you in a chronic state of discomfort. Patients Medical provides the most comprehensive, personalized treatment for Allergies including:

  • Specialized testing to help identify the allergens through skin or blood diagnostics, as appropriate, and help devise a treatment plan specific to your allergen profile.
  • Expert physicians on the many types of Allergies and causes.
  • Natural supplements that will support a healthy immune response and respiratory health including:

Begin Your Journey to Wellness with Patients Medical

Our job at Patients Medical is to connect the dots between a patient's medical history, symptoms, and their underlying causes. Patients Medical is a superb place for people to secure integrative and holistic health care from providers who give personalized care, partner with the patient to focus on the root cause of their illness, support their recovery, and help them maintain good health.

For those that can make the journey, we are happy to welcome new patients to our medical center in New York City. Fill out the form at the top of this page, or call us at 1-212-794-8800. We are here to listen and to help.

We are located at: Patients Medical PC, 1148 Fifth Avenue, Suite 1B New York, NY 10128.

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