Meno Pause Riskfactors

Meno Pause Riskfactors

Menopause in a woman leads to the stopping of her menstrual periods due to decreased levels of estrogen. Apart from being the end of a woman's fertility, the decreased levels of estrogen can often lead to complications such as, sagging of the uterus. This is primarily because; the female body is dependent on estrogen for the toning of the muscles in the uterus and vagina area.

Osteoporosis is common fallout of menopause, since the loss of estrogen results in decreased levels of bone density. Reduction of bone density leads to weak bones which might also lead to bone breakages and frequent fractures.  

Menopause Hormonal Imbalances

It has been observed that women experiencing menopause have urinary incontinence wherein there may be spurts of leakages in urine during coughing, laughing, sneezing, jogging or any other physical activity for that matter where there is stress on the abdomen.  There are 12 risk factors in menopause just as there are 12 menopause hormonal imbalances and they are as follows;

1). Ideal Menopause - In general, your experience of menopause is smooth and virtually free of symptoms. And after the changes of menopause are complete, you feel absolutely fine. While few women in this group experience very mild symptoms related to subtle changes or variations in hormonal levels.

2). Low Testosterone Imbalance - Testosterone deficiency can increase your risk for disorders of the vulva, such as lichen sclerosus, a condition in which the labia and vulva become thin and fragile. Low testosterone can cause your muscle tone to weaken, and is associated with wrinkles and sagging skin. And you are at a somewhat higher risk for osteoporosis, or chest pain due to spasms of the coronary arteries.

3). High Testosterone Imbalance - High testosterone levels are known to reduce blood levels of good cholesterol, which is another effect that can increase your risk for heart disease. High testosterone levels have been linked to insulin resistance to condition that interferes, with your body's ability to regulate our blood sugar levels.

4). Low Estrogen Imbalance - Estrogen is also protective against cardiovascular disease. Premenopausal women rarely suffer heart attacks. Further, too low a level of estrogen may promote the development of insulin resistance, which can contribute to diabetes, cancer, and heart disease.

5). Low Estrogen, Low Testosterone Imbalance - A deficiency in both estrogen and testosterone can affect your skin and muscle tone, leading to premature sagging and wrinkles. The breast tissue can also shrink and begin to sag due to a loss of collagen.  You run the same health risks that come with hormonal imbalances 2 and 4: osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease and insulin resistance.

6). Low Estrogen, High Testosterone Imbalance - In this hormonal imbalance the imbalance is even more pronounced than in 3. In addition to oily skin and acne, it can cause a condition called "androgenic alopecia" (hair loss or even baldness).  If you have "low estrogen and high testosterone" hormonal Imbalance menopause, you face the greatest risk for insulin resistance, especially if your estrogen level is low.

7). Low Progesterone Imbalance - This may show up as muscle aches or joint inflammation. Either way, these discomforts only worsen an already irritated nervous system. A progesterone deficiency isn't good for your long term health, either. When progesterone levels fall too low to balance out your estrogen, your risk for uterine and breast cancer increases.  Low levels of progesterone also increase your risk for osteoporosis, since progesterone plays a role in bone formation. By lowering good cholesterol levels, low progesterone elevates your risk for cardiovascular disease.

8). Low Progesterone, Low Testosterone Imbalance - This menopause hormonal imbalance faces all the health risks associated with hormonal imbalance 7 and 2, plus episodes of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hypoinsulinemia (or low blood insulin), if estrogen levels are too high. The low blood insulin and low blood sugar can increase feelings of fatigue and cause poor concentration.

9). Low Progesterone, High Testosterone Imbalance - This type of hormonal imbalance menopause may involve the highest risk for endometrial (uterus) cancer(since both low progesterone and high testosterone contribute to this risk.)  You can also suffer from abnormal uterine bleeding, which can be irregular, prolonged, and quite profuse. This abnormal bleeding may begin in perimenopause (the years leading up to menopause), but can continue beyond the expected end of menstruation.  It also includes the health risks listed under hormonal imbalances 2 and 7. In addition, you face an increased risk for hyperinsulinemia.

10). Low Estrogen, Low Progesterone Imbalance - Of all the types, this one is most likely to include some trouble with stress incontinence ("wetting your pants" when you laugh or sneeze).  Oily skin and acne can also be a sign of a Type 10 imbalance, since the levels of estrogen and progesterone are not adequate to control the effects of testosterone.  The health risks associated with Type 10 menopause can be serious. Low levels of estrogen and progesterone have a doubly damaging affect on bones and blood cholesterol, greatly increasing your risk for osteoporosis and heart disease.

11). Low Estrogen, Low Progesterone, Low Testosterone Imbalance - Mentally and emotionally, you may struggle with anxiety, depression, dullness, memory problems, and a feeling of apathy.  You may feel easily tired, even while your other symptoms are making you work harder to get things done. You may have trouble sleeping. In general, you can suffer from a number of the symptoms described under chemical imbalances 2, 4, and 7.  As with hormonal imbalance 10, this menopause type brings especially high health risks. Women with hormonal imbalance 11 menopause are also at risk for becoming insulin resistant and developing hyperinsulinemia. The risk for osteoporosis is especially high with this menopause type of imbalance, since all three of these hormones play a role in protecting bones.

12). Low Estrogen, Low Progesterone, High Testosterone Imbalance - Women with this type of menopausal hormonal imbalance almost always have insulin resistance, which if untreated, can increase the risk for endometrial cancer, breast cancer, non-insulin dependent diabetes, and heart disease.   Hormonal imbalance 12 menopause also involves a high risk for heart disease, but the high testosterone levels can reduce the risk for osteoporosis that comes with a dual deficiency in estrogen and progesterone.

Most important, even though menopause is not an illness, you shouldn't hesitate to get treatment if you're having severe symptoms. There are conventional treatments and holistic treatments available, from lifestyle adjustments to hormone therapy.

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To make an appointment with one of our physicians, please call us at 1-212-794-8800. We look forward to hearing from you.

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