The difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are both chronic medical conditions characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood, but they have some key differences in terms of causes, symptoms, risk factors, and management.

The main difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is in the way the body produces or uses insulin.

Type 1 diabetes: The body's immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, resulting in the body not producing enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. It typically develops in childhood or adolescence, and it's not caused by lifestyle factors.

Type 2 diabetes: The body becomes resistant to insulin, a condition known as insulin resistance. As a result, the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use insulin effectively. It typically develops in adulthood, and it's caused by a combination of factors, including genetics and lifestyle.

Symptoms of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar such as increased thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, and fatigue. However, in Type 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to appear suddenly and be more severe, while in Type 2 diabetes symptoms may be subtle and develop gradually over time.

Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin replacement therapy, usually through injections or an insulin pump, as well as regular monitoring of blood sugar levels through self-testing. In contrast, Type 2 diabetes is treated with lifestyle changes such as healthy eating and regular physical activity, and it can also be treated with oral medications or insulin therapy.

It's important to note that both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can lead to serious health complications if not properly managed. Regular check-ups, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and adhering to medication schedule are important in preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes-related complications.

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Our job at Patients Medical is to listen, to connect the dots between a patient's medical history, symptoms, and their underlying causes. Patients Medical is a superb place for women and men to secure integrative and holistic health care from providers who give personalized care, partner with the patient to focus on the root cause of their illness, support their recovery, and help them maintain good health.

To make an appointment with one of our physicians, please call us at 1-212-794-8800. We look forward to hearing from you.

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