What are the types of Diabetes?

There are several types of diabetes, each with its own set of causes, symptoms, and risk factors. The most common types are:

  1. Type 1 diabetes: It is an autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. This type of diabetes is typically diagnosed in children and young adults, and it is not caused by lifestyle factors.
  2. Type 2 diabetes: It is caused by a combination of factors, including genetics and lifestyle. The main factor is the body's inability to effectively use insulin, a condition known as insulin resistance. As the body becomes resistant to insulin, blood sugar levels rise, leading to diabetes. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include being overweight or obese, having a family history of diabetes, having high blood pressure, and not getting enough physical activity.
  3. Gestational diabetes: A type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. It occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin to meet the increased needs of the pregnancy, leading to high blood sugar levels.
  4. Monogenic diabetes.
  5. Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD): A type of diabetes that occurs in people with cystic fibrosis, an inherited disorder that affects the lungs and digestive system.
  6. Other specific types: Some other types of diabetes are caused by specific genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections, and other illnesses.

It's important to note that the type of diabetes a person has can affect the symptoms, management and treatment plan, and the risks of complications. Therefore, it's important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of diabetes.

Begin Your Journey to Wellness with Patients Medical

Our job at Patients Medical is to listen, to connect the dots between a patient's medical history, symptoms, and their underlying causes. Patients Medical is a superb place for women and men to secure integrative and holistic health care from providers who give personalized care, partner with the patient to focus on the root cause of their illness, support their recovery, and help them maintain good health.

To make an appointment with one of our physicians, please call us at 1-212-794-8800. We look forward to hearing from you.


Make an Appointment