What is Dysmenorrhea?

Dysmenorrhea is a medical condition characterized by cramping and pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation. It can also cause other symptoms such as headaches, nausea, and fatigue. There are two types of dysmenorrhea: primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea is caused by the normal hormonal changes of the menstrual cycle and typically begins a few years after the onset of menstruation. Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by an underlying medical condition such as endometriosis or fibroids and typically occurs later in life. Treatment options for dysmenorrhea include over-the-counter pain relievers, prescription medication, and lifestyle changes such as exercise and stress management.

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