What triggers interstitial cystitis?

Triggers for Interstitial Cystitis (IC) can vary from person to person and may include:

  1. Food and drinks: Certain foods and drinks such as spicy foods, citrus fruits, tomatoes, caffeine, and alcohol can irritate the bladder and worsen symptoms of IC.
  2. Hormones: Hormonal changes such as menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause may worsen symptoms of IC.
  3. Stress: Stress can exacerbate symptoms of IC, as it can cause muscle tension and make the bladder more sensitive.
  4. Cold weather: Some people may find that their symptoms worsen during cold weather.
  5. Sexual activity: Some people may experience pain or discomfort during sexual activity, which can be a trigger for IC.
  6. Certain medications: Some medications such as blood pressure medications, antihistamines, and antidepressants may worsen IC symptoms.
  7. Bladder infection: A bladder infection can trigger IC symptoms.
  8. Certain medical conditions: Conditions such as endometriosis, fibromyalgia, and pelvic inflammatory disease can trigger IC symptoms.

It's worth noting that what may be a trigger for one person may not be a problem for another, and it's important to work with a healthcare provider to identify your specific triggers and develop a treatment plan that works for you.

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