Why is alcoholism considered a chronic disease?

Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is considered a chronic disease because it is a long-term condition that can be managed, but not necessarily cured. People with alcoholism have an impaired ability to control their drinking and a strong craving for alcohol. They may continue to drink despite the negative consequences it causes in their life, and experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop or reduce their drinking.
The exact cause of alcoholism is not known, but it is thought to be influenced by a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Alcoholism is a chronic disease because it can have a lasting impact on a person's health and well-being, and it can lead to a wide range of physical and mental health problems, such as liver disease, pancreatitis, heart disease, depression, anxiety and even cancer.
Treatment for alcoholism typically involves a combination of counseling, therapy, and medication. While the goal of treatment is to reduce or stop drinking, relapse is common and ongoing support and management is often needed to maintain abstinence.

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