Pain Management Pain and Pain Management—Glossary of Terminology and Definitions

Pain Management Pain and Pain Management—Glossary of Terminology and Definitions

The International Association for the Study of Pain, a professional forum for science, practice, and education in the field of pain, has developed a full glossary of terms related to pain. The following are some terms commonly used in relation to chronic pain diagnosis, treatment, and management.

Allodynia – pain resulting from a stimulus that normally would not result in pain: light pressure, moderate cold or warmth, or light touch.

Analgesic – a treatment or therapy to diminish the sense of pain.

Central nervous system – that part of the nervous system comprised of the brain and spinal cord. It is separate from but interconnected with the peripheral nervous system which carries signals to and from the central nervous system.

Hyperalgesia – an increased sensitization to pain stimuli, or intensity of the pain sensation.

Myalgia – muscle pain.

Neuropathy – a pathological change to the function of a nerve or bundle of nerves.

Neuropathic pain – pain initiated by a specific lesion or pathology involving the peripheral or central nervous system.

Neurotransmitters – chemical signaling molecules that transmit electric impulses between nerve cell endings.

Nociceptive – normal pain transmission originating from nociceptors, healthy pain receptor endings in the body, to the peripheral and to the central nervous system and brain.

Pain threshold – the lowest sensation or experience that a subject can recognize.

Pain tolerance level – the greatest amount of pain one is able to tolerate.

Peripheral nervous system – that part of the nervous system that exists outside of the central nervous system comprised of the brain and spinal cord.

Trigger point – a hypersensitive point or area on a muscle that triggers a nociceptive pain response.

Begin Your Journey to Wellness with Patients Medical

The effects of chronic pain can range from simple annoyance to debilitating and life-changing. Regardless of where you might find yourself on this spectrum of pain, the practitioners at Patients Medical offer a broad range of pain management therapies derived from modern and ancient traditions in the healing arts. Our integrative approach tackles your pain problem holistically, addressing the mind-body-spirit components of pain to help you manage your pain and live a full, satisfying life.

Begin Your Healing with Patients Medical

Request an Appointment