Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease—Glossary of Terminology and Definitions

by Kamau Kokayi, MD
Kamau Kokayi bw

Antibody—a component of the body's immune response system that forms in response to a foreign pathogen or substance.

Bacterium—A microscopic, unicellular organism that multiplies by cell division, possesses a cell wall, can be shaped like a sphere, rod, or spiral, and can be found in almost any environment.

Bell's palsy—A form of facial paralysis; in Lyme disease Bell's palsy is thought to be caused by inflammation and swelling of the cranial nerves serving the face.

Borrelia—A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic spirochete bacteria, various species of which produce Lyme and relapsing fever in man and other animals.

ELISA—Acronym for "enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay," a conventional laboratory technique widely used to detect specific antibodies in a blood or plasma sample. ELISAs are designed to detect specific antibodies by their ability to selectively bind to the antibody if they are present in the sample.

Enzyme—A protein molecule produced by living organisms that causes chemical reactions between other substances but is not destroyed or altered upon completion of the reactions.

Erythema migrans (EM)—The generally circular or oval rash that often forms within a day to a month after infection with Borrelia burgdorferi. Typically the rash forms a "bull's eye," a central red spot surrounded by a clear margin with an often expanding red rim.

Hyperbaric oxygen—Oxygen pressurized to greater than atmospheric pressure (hyperbaric) in a chamber, used in Lyme therapy in an attempt to kill any living anaerobic Lyme spirochetes, and to reduce inflammation and other symptoms of a Lyme infection.

Microaerophilic—Requiring very little oxygen for survival.

Nymphal—Pertaining to the nymph stage of a multistage arthropod organism.

Polymerase—An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of nucleic acids on preexisting nucleic acid templates.

Spirochete—A microscopic bacterial organism, worm-like and spiral-shaped in appearance.

Sclerosis—A hardening of a body part from inflammation associated with diseases of the interstitial substance.

Western blot test—A conventional test used to help detect Lyme proteins in a blood, plasma, or tissue sample. Lyme proteins leave a specific protein signature in a gel when separated according to their molecular weight.

Begin Your Journey to Wellness with Patients Medical

The effects of chronic Lyme disease can significantly affect your health, livelihood, and overall well-being. Conventional antibiotic therapy may provide an initial sense of relief, but if your symptoms should return, continue, or worsen in spite of conventional therapy, as they do in many Lyme sufferers, broadening your therapeutic options is a worthwhile step toward restoring both your health and your sense of well-being.

At Patients Medical we draw upon both modern and ancient healing arts to tackle the oft-times bewildering problems chronic Lyme disease presents in our patients. Our team of Lyme experts can develop a personalized, integrative treatment protocol designed to optimize your long-term health and support you in countering the symptoms and detrimental effects of Lyme disease.

Begin Your Journey to Wellness with Patients Medical

Our job at Patients Medical is to listen, to connect the dots between a patient's medical history, symptoms, and their underlying causes. Patients Medical is a superb place for women and men to secure integrative and holistic health care from providers who give personalized care, partner with the patient to focus on the root cause of their illness, support their recovery, and help them maintain good health.

To make an appointment with one of our physicians, please call us at 1-212-794-8800. We look forward to hearing from you.

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